Word In Use
1.Most cities in the country have introduced “Clean Air Zones” whereby factories and households are only allowed to burn smokeless fuel.
- He knows that the pursuit of social status can consume vast amounts of his time and effort.
- The doctors are at a loss because so far no medicine has been found to inhibit the spread of the disease.
- We see many special education directors trying to maintain the quality of their programs with much less money and much smaller staff.
- People there are told it is their patriotic duty to support the national economy by buying their own products.
- Darwin’s thinking both drew upon and transcended the conventional ideas of his time.
- In spite of all your endeavors; there may be times when you encounter difficulties in the training process.
- My advice to Mr.Stewart is to think carefully before entering into a career in medicine, as this is a field which requires a lot of dedication and long working hours.
- Most Chinese parents would prefer to choose some professions that are stable ans could bring prestige and economic benefits.
- It is legally possible for an elderly person to nominate someone to act for them, should they become incapable of looking after themselves.
1.When Francis got back after Easter, he was far behind his classmates and he was removed from the second into the third class at his own desire.
2.The president acknowledged that he had somehow failed in his ability to communicate to the American people.
3.Unfortunately, as history has shown, some of the companies are guilty of misconduct in the pursuit of profit.
- The ship deviated from the agreed voyage and arrived about 10 days late and in the meantime the price of sugar had fallen and the merchants lost over £4,000.
- Because the transcript is still under seal, the law precludes them from reading and discussing the evidence in detail.
- In carrying out the plan we are likely to come across difficulties, but we are determined to triumph over them all.
- Without increasing investment in education, it will be increasingly difficult for low-income people to work their way into the middle class.
- All the passengers in the plane that crashed in the middle of the Andes Mountains a week ago were written off as dead.
- Kids are more likely to intervene in a situation if they believe their parents expect them to help.
- The first lesson I learned as a newcomer for the company was never to underestimate the degree of difficulty I would face in career advancement.
- Just as I started to think that I was never going to get well, the illness began to recede.
- Whatever the decision is, I would like you to know that your department is my first choice and I deem it a great honor if I could study in your department.
- During one particularly bleak moment in my career, a senior colleague of mine said to me “If you follow your dreams, the money will come. Follow the money, and you’ll lose your dreams.”
- Unless we can find a way to appraise nature and then invest in protecting it, our basic life-support systems are going to collapse.
- The blizzard moved south, turning into an icy rain that paralyzed the airports for three days.
- In this introduction we have diagnosed some of the causes of the illness and, in the following chapters, we will draw attention to its various unpleasant symptoms.
- In those days, divorce under any circumstances was socially unacceptable and there was great dismay in the family who went through it.
10.Every time she talked about being rejected in her hunt for a job, she seemed on the brink of tears, and I would quickly switch the conversation to another topic.
- When the bus pulled to a stop and I got off, I was relieved because I had finished school and I had the weekend ahead of me to enjoy myself.
- When my car crashed into the big tree, I could feel the blood draining from my face and I wondered whether I was about to black out .
- All kinds of questions concerning the soaring housing price begin to pop up on cable television and the blogosphere.
- The soldiers' rapid march was stopped short by the general's command; they were uncertain whether to go back or forward.
5. A car crashed into the side of a house after the driver lost control and plowed through a hedge.
- Charles reappeared, after half an hour's absence, and threw himself into an armchair, where he lay back for some time with his eyes shut.
- You may be out of work but that is no reason to let yourself go by not washing, brushing your hair and wearing clean clothes.
8. As her door began to open, she grabbed for the telephone, and then dropped the receiver as Luke walked in.
- As a number of authors point out,the urge to migrate is a(n) integral part of human nature.
- Children should be allowed to cherish those few years of innocence before they have to learn the truth about the real world.
- He has been afflicted by a horrible disease, from which one of his best friends died two weeks ago.
- The results of the survey are noteworthy and useful despite being from a small sample.
- The director said that they needed a young actress who could portray someone who was both unbalanced and confident at the same time.
- Praise must be use wisely to compliment students who perform up to expectations and to encourage students to perform to maximum levels.
- In the domain of research, it is an accepted fact that scientific publications have to be written or translated into English to get published, acknowledged, and cited.
- He received a anonymous call threatening to disclose details of his affair if he didn’t pay the money.
- The movie presents Lincoln as a strong-willed, conscientious man who led the US through a moral, constitutional and political crisis.
- It is understandable that the health and welfare of their family is a(n) perpetual concern for this young couple.
1.Clearly, most of the students there are full-time workers who would not otherwise have
been able to embark on sustained further study.
2.The court ruled that this man be deprived of his political rights for a further four years after he has served his 13-year sentence.
3.I would love to have kids. I would turn down an Oscar to see my boy at a baseball game or my girl at a song recital.
4.Richard was finally released on February 4, one year and six weeks after he'd been taken captive.
5. She hoped Vincent would understand that her life had not been empty, because her love would live on.
- All people, whether they be rich or poor, strong or weak, privileged or deprived, are interdependent, and share in the common task of seeking to achieve mankind's full potential.
- In September 1944 he was able to return to his academic duties, but soon after the war ended he was stricken by a serious illness and did relatively little research thereafter .
8. She retired from the company where she has led by example and been a source of encouragement to others.
- Although secondary education is compulsory, parents are not required to send their children to state schools.
2.The economic situation has been worsening, causing economists to contemplate whether the present policies are sustainable
- He was found guilty and was imprisoned in the Tower of London, where he died very quickly, aged only 47.
4.It is obvious that the future of the Internet is to globalize more and more areas of the world, and that e-commerce and e-entertainment are going to go for more and more markets.
5.However, your current losses should soon be offset by gains; the fund will produce a positive return of 11.6 percent over a nine-month period.
- Because she was so tall and slim, all the clothes looked marvelous on her and the other girls would groan their envy.
7. This can be a helpful approach in discussion — someone may regard you as stubborn since you never want to change your mind, whereas you see yourself as determined.
- At weekends, the school park is almost empty except that a few cars cluster near the entrance.
9.In the photographer's finest pictures there is also a degree of ambiguity, which allows them to be interpreted in a variety of ways.
10. Tim stretched out a hand in apology for his thoughtless remarks and was consoled by a firm handshake from Mark.
1.Virginia was a perfectionist. She was just not prepared to settle for anything that was second best.
2. He could be quite casual in his attitude to his wife's anxiety, and more often than not failed to let her know when he would be back from a business trip.
3."You'll kill yourself with those things," Arty said in a tone in which disappointment was mingled with disgust.
4. Thanks to modern transportation, agricultural products in these remote mountainous regions can also be traded for other goods.
5.As the market was saturated with a wide variety of goods, the economy became more balanced and the competition forced the prices down.
6.Going with the flow doesn't mean that we don't know where we're going; it means that we are open to multiple ways of getting there.
7. The athlete had been endowed with long legs and a persistent temperament so he was very successful.
8. The wrongly accused man asked for extra compensation to make up for the stress he had suffered during the case.
- The general considered all the information that had been gathered and gauged what possible moves the enemy might make before issuing his orders.
- The new president said she would dedicate herself to protecting the rights of the old and the homeless, who are otherwise helpless and vulnerable.
- Cell phone conversations, which are fairly commonplace on commuter trains, can be annoying to fellow commuters.
- Ask your doctor whether a low-fat diet and a daily walk will suffice to reduce your high blood pressure.
- The revenue from tourism is the biggest single contribution to GDP in the Maldives; every year many tourists from all corners of the world spend their holidays there.
- Since the beginning of this century, China has built many modern conference centers with underground parking, air-conditioning and simultaneous translation systems.
- While advertising offers a stimulus to buy, sales promotion offers a incentive to buy, but consumers must have their own reason to buy.
- In general, smokers living in cities are slightly more prone to lung cancer than smokers who are living in the country.
- A large proportion of important innovations are brought about by people who step outside of conventional categories or traditional assumptions.
10.The habit of going to coffee houses was fostered by the city's relatively small size, safe streets, good public transportation, and moderate climate.
1.The results of this experiment do not correlate with those of the studies that the team of scientists had conducted previously.
2.It was a moment of overwhelming excitement when Steve was given the first prize; Tiffany couldn't refrain from hugging and kissing him.
3.As we count down to tonight's presidential debate, it's time to go over the political agendas which the candidates are trying to promote.
4.She spent the next 10 years taking in washing, slaving away to pay back the money they had borrowed from the bank.
5.Indeed, it seems that the upward shift in the rate of economic growth in the mid-1990s coincided with a sudden, substantial and rapid decline in the prices of computers.
6.As Crawford contended with heartbreak in his private life, his career soared to greater heights than he could have ever dreamed of.
7.I am assuming that you have adequate health insurance, but someone should be designated as successor to take over your financial and domestic affairs if you become unable to cope with them yourself.
8.Formal consent for this new type of treatment was obtained from each patient and the study conformed to our institution's guidelines concerning medical ethics.
- Much of the city was evacuated before the storm but thousands remained, many of whom were trapped by the water for days.
- Located in the heart of the city, the Dogs' Home is open seven days a week, 365 days a year to receive stray dogs.
- With the development of modern industries, a lot of traditional values that developed from a farm-based economy have been enormously diluted.
- There are gigantic changes in environmental conditions from freezing cold to extremely hot, and from dry to very humid.
- From a practical standpoint , how can you reduce production costs and at the same time minimize the risks involved?
- Child mortality decreased due to improvements in medical care and greater attention to problems related to proper nutrition .
- The disaster is already set to be the world's worst for ground casualties inflicted by a crashing aircraft.
- With Spring Festival drawing nearer, people are glowing with happiness, and are full of hope; this excitement is pervasive before New Year's Eve.
- Don't be too naive ! If the manager of the car dealership intended to give you the job, he would have called you by now.
- To a large extent, computers have already permeated most aspects of our lives, from transportation and telecommunications to entertainment.
- Melanie got so upset by what Max had said to her that something inside her exploded, and she flew at him and hit him in a rage.
2. Barbara left Alice and wove her way through the crowd to the library to avoid a late fee and renew the books she borrowed two months ago.
3. Happiness radiated from Mary as she proudly told her parents about her remarkable success in achieving her career goals!
4. For people who live in industrialized countries, it is hard to conceive of living without electricity and other modern conveniences.
5. This car was lined with steel to protect the occupants from attacks by angry residents, who were strongly against gambling being allowed in their community.
6. The boys stood at the shore of the river which was filled with water from the melting snow in the mountains, and they were hesitating to dive into the icy water below them.
7. I bought a second-hand pocket English-English dictionary; it's been very useful and cost me next to nothing.
8. It was a hot and humid night; all the soldiers stayed down out of sight, waiting for the orders to attack.
- People donate canned food and old clothes most frequently, but rarely do they think about bringing in underwear- it’s one of the most obvious but overlooked needs of the homeless.
- Brian Wood watched his financial life spiral downward just when he thought he had overcome the obstacles which had been dominating his past.
- They are to leave the house with only their personal possessions,for they have got a letter ordering the immediate termination of their occupancy.
- The company was reportedly going bankrupt and this wold result in the layoff of thousands of employees.
- The princess who was brought up in wealth understood that many things that are common and everyday to her are unimaginable luxuries to people on subsistence wages.
- Young students should develop a broad spectrum of interests,which their parents should encourage and support as best as possible.
- I asked the waitress to refill my coffee cup and she happily complied repeatedly until I had consumed enough coffee to stay up all night and study for my exam.
- Though she lost the title of female world swimming champion last year,she reclaimed it this year when she gave it all she could.
- This type of system which originated in the United Kingdom has been widely used Throughout Europe and is gaining in popularity in the United States of America and Japan.
- Failure to make the request will be fatal to the accuser’s claim if the relevant limitation period has expired unless an extension of time is granted.
- He put down $20,000 as a deposit on the beautiful $200,000 villa believing that his investment would increase over time.
- The parents who feel that their own lives are miserable and are failures can wind up doing an immense amount of damage to their kids.
- Families that are paying for college or saving for college are trying to scrape together and save the money for their kids.
- Reporters were openly and aggressively questioning whether the party was on the verge of being taken over by extremists.
- The factory had just started production and in all likelihood it would take five to seven years to achieve full production.
- The conditions for the majority of the workforce will continue to deteriorate into widespread and extreme poverty if relief payment is late in coming.
- Only those who are weighing the advantages and disadvantages of each choice are in a position to know which one is best for them.
- Her romantic illusions of being married gave way to recognizing her adult responsibilities that come with marriage.
- He could hardly control his indignation at the conditions under which the miners were forced to work, without water and enough food.
- Both sides were very careful when drafting the ceasefire agreements;they wanted to prevent any actions that could be considered provocative by either side.
- She has always had a militant personality;she is always prepared and ready to do battle when she believes that the cause is right.
- News stories overlap : Morning paper headlines take account of the previous evening’s radio and TV stories,and the electronic media pick up items from the daily press.
- Lucy stretched up to kiss her dad’s cheek lightly,and he patted his daughter as if he was conferring an honor to her.
- Inspired by Martin Luther King’s famous speech, “I Have a Dream”, thousands of people went out onto the streets to support the civil rights movement in defiance of the curfew.
- Beth was hesitant about visiting his ex-boy friend;she worried that he might refuse to talk to her.
- When humans first traveled into outer space,it was as revolutionary a milestone in human culture as the invention of the wheel.
- Perplexed, she turned and noticed her husband had collapsed and was slumped on the floor behind the counter. She rushed to him and cradled his head in her arms.
- Health experts are now preaching that even a little exercise,such as doing housework or light gardening , is far better than none at all.
- Our students have almost limitless resources at their disposal a well-equipped library,student workrooms , a large cafeteria , an undergraduate office and a computer center.
- South Africa’s government imprisoned Nelson Mandela for 27 years , but never succeeded in its attempt to insulate him from his sacred cause against racial separation.
- Please remember to keep a copy for yourself as we cannot return manuscripts,irrespective of whether or not they are published.
- He won’t be able to make any progress if he always has a high opinion of himself and criticism flows off him like water off a duck’s back.
- Since Mary won the money and bought up the majority of the company’s stock shares,she now has authority over the people she used to take orders from.
- Your new boss is nice and will be kind to you, provided that you,for your part,work diligently without complaining too much.
- Despite the measures put in place to prevent plagiarism,it is still not clear how students can get away with cheating in their exams.
- When the economic slump hit the country,many people who had lost their jobs had to dispense with a lot of luxuries.
- The majority of people are not lazy ; they want to work hard,want to have a better future , and want to provide for their families.
- In 1940,some people thought Franklin Roosevelt was tiptoe around the question of war, instead of confronting it, until the Japanese suddenly attacked the United States Navy Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor.
- 有人认为Franklin Roosevelt是避而不谈在战争问题上，而不是直面它，直到日本突然袭击美国海军太平洋舰队在珍珠港。
Global citizen is someone who identifies with being part of an emerging world community and whose actions contribute to building this community's values and practices.
Global citizenship believes that humankind is essentially one and each individual has the power to change things. In our interdependent world, global citizenship encourages us to recognize our responsibilities toward each other and learn from each other. Global citizens care about education, disease, poverty, and environmental issues around the world. Today, the forces of global engagement are helping some people identify themselves as global citizens who have a sense of belonging to a world community. This growing global identity in large part is made possible by the forces of modern information, communications and transportation technologies. Global citizenship aims to empower people to lead their own action. Along with the knowledge and values that they have gained from learning about global issues, people need to be equipped with the necessary skills to give themselves the ability and confidence to be pro-active in making a positive difference in the world.
世界公民是指一个人承认自己是新兴的全球社区的一分子， 而且其行动对全球社区的价值打造和实践活动有所贡献。世界公民相信人类从本质上来说是一个整体， 每个人都有改变事物的能力。在我们这样一个相互依赖的世界中，世界公民意识鼓励我们认识到对彼此的责任，并从对方身上学习。世界公民关心全球的教育、疾病、贫穷和环境问题，让他们拥有对全球社区的归属感。这种不断发展的世界公民意识在很大程度上来讲， 要归功于现代信息、通信和交通技术的力量。世界公民意识致力于给予人们力量， 让他们付诸行动。世界公民除了要从世界问题中学习知识和价值观， 还要拥有必需的技能， 使他们拥有能力和自信，积极推动世界的发展。
The American Dream is a national ethos（精神特质）of the United States. The term is used in many ways，but it essentially is an idea that suggests that anyone in the US can succeed through hard work and has the potential to lead a happy，successful life. Many people have expanded upon or refined the definition to include things such as freedom，fulfillment and meaningful relationships. The idea of an American Dream is older than the US，dating back to the 1600s，when people began to have all sorts of hopes and aspirations for what was a new and largely unexplored continent to European immigrants. And the meaning of the Dream has changed over the course of history，including both personal components and a global vision. But not everybody thinks the American Dream is a positive thing. Some people believe that the structure of society in the US prevents such an idealistic goal for everyone. Critics often point to examples of inequality rooted in class，race，religion and ethnicity that suggest that the American Dream is not attainable for everyone.
美国梦是美利坚合众国的民族精神。该词有各种各样的用法， 但其根本含义是， 在美国任何人都可以通过努力获得成功， 都有可能过上幸福而成功的生活。许多人美国梦的概念以拓展和提炼，涵盖了像自由、自我实现和深厚的人际关系等方面的内容。美国梦的思想比美国本身更为久远，可以追溯到17 世纪，当时的欧洲移民面对这一新发现的、未经开发的广袤大陆，开始纷纷怀揣希望，追逐梦想。随着历史的发展，美国梦的含义也已改变，既包含了个人元素， 也包含了全局视野。但并不是每个人都对美国梦持肯定态度。一些人认为美国的社会结构决定了不是每个人都能拥有这样的理想目标。批评者常常举以实例， 揭露植根于阶级、种族、宗教和民族的不平等现象，指出美国梦并非每个人都可企及。
Venice is the world's famous island city in northern Italy. Founded in the 5th century, Venice became a major maritime power in the 10th century. In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, Venice was a major center for commerce and trade, and became an extremely wealthy European city, a leader in political and economic affairs. After several hundred years in power, Venice began to decline in the 15th century. Nowadays, it is regarded as one of the world's most beautiful cities and one of the most important tourist destinations in the world. Venice has a rich and diverse architectural style, the most famous of which is the Gothic style.
Venice is also known for several important artistic movements in history, especially the Renaissance period. The influence of Venice on the development of architecture and arts has been considerable. Today, it is still playing an important role in contemporary arts and popular cultures. In 1987, Venice was listed as a World Heritage Site. In March
1980, Venice became a sister city of China's Suzhou City.
威尼斯是意大利北部一座世界闻名的岛城。威尼斯建立于公元5 世纪，在公元10 世纪时成为二支重要的海上力量。在中世纪和文艺复兴时期， 威尼斯曾是重要的商贸中心， 是当时欧洲极为富裕的城市，在政治和经济事务中居领导地位。几百年的兴盛之后，威尼斯在15 世纪开始衰落。如今，威尼斯被公认为是全世界最美的城市之也是全世界最重要的旅游胜地之二。威尼斯的建筑风格丰富多样， 其中最出名的是哥特式风格。威尼斯还因历史上的几次重要的艺术运动而闻名，特别是文艺复兴时期。威尼斯对建筑和艺术的发展影响巨大。至今，威尼斯仍对现代艺术和流行文化的发展起着重要作用。1987 年，威尼斯被列入《世界遗产名录》。1980 年3 月，威尼斯与中国苏州结为“友好城市” 。
The English ceremony of afternoon tea dates back to the 1840s.The tradition evolved out of the rituals and routines that surrounded tea drinking in Britain before that time. Tea was first introduced to England in the late 1650s，but for a long time，it was only consumed by the royal family and the aristocracy due to its high cost. The habit of having afternoon tea did not become established until almost 200 years later. In those days，the British ate only two daily meals: a large breakfast late in the morning and a late dinner around 8 o'clock in the evening. Anna，the 7th Duchess of Bedford，can be credited for creating the tradition of afternoon tea to soothe hunger pangs before supper. She invited friends to join her for an additional afternoon meal at four to five o'clock. The menu included tea and snacks such as dainty cakes and sandwiches. Fine porcelain（瓷器）was used to serve this minor feast. Afternoon tea soon became popular，and is now a symbol of the elegant British way of life. As novelist Henry James wrote，“There are few hours in life more agreeable than the hour dedicated to the ceremony known as afternoon tea.”
英式下午茶的仪式可以追溯到19 世纪40 年代，该传统是由之前英国的茶饮仪式和习惯发展而来的。茶最初在17 世纪50 年代晚期被引入英国， 但由于价格昂贵， 所以很长一段时间里，只有皇家和贵族才能享用。直到将近200 多年之后， 英国人才养成吃下午茶的习惯。在当时，英国人一日两餐快接近中午时分的丰盛早餐和晚上八点左右的晚餐。据说第七代贝德福德公爵夫人安娜开创了下午茶的传统， 以此来缓解晚餐前的饥饿感。她邀请朋友和她一起在下午
四五点钟吃下午茶。下午茶中包括茶一些点心， 比如精致的蛋糕及三明治。这些小巧的美食用精美的瓷器盛装。下午茶很快就流行开来，现在已经成为优雅英国生活方式的一个象征。正如小说家亨利·詹姆斯写道的那样： “人生鲜有比全心全意享用下午茶这一仪式更惬意的时刻了。”
The New Year's Concert of the Vienna Philharmonic（爱乐乐团）is a concert of classical music that takes place each year in the morning of New Year's Day in Vienna，Austria. The music always includes pieces from the Strauss family-with occasional additional music from other main Austrian composers. The demand for tickets is so high that people have to pre-register one year in advance in order to participate in the drawing of tickets for the following year. The popularity of the concerts can be attributed to the creative energy of the compositions of the Strauss Dynasty，as well as their authoritative interpretations. These concerts not only delight the audiences in the Musikverein（金色大厅）in Vienna，but also enjoy great international popularity through the worldwide television broadcast，which now reaches over 90 countries. Originating during the darkest chapter in Austria's history，these concerts convey the desire of the Philharmonic not only to provide musically definitive interpretations of the master works of this genre，but at the same time，as musical ambassadors of Austria，to send people all over the world a New Year's greeting in the spirit of hope，friendship and peace.
维也纳爱乐乐团新年音乐会是古典音乐会， 每年元旦上午在奥地利维也纳举行。音乐会通常选取施特劳斯家族的作品， 偶尔也会选取来自奥地利的其他知名作曲家的音乐。新年音乐会的门票一票难求， 人们必须提前一年注册， 才能参与下一年门票的抽签。新年音乐会大受欢迎，这不仅归功于施特劳斯家族作品的创新力， 还要归功于其对音乐的权威诠释。音乐会给维也纳金色大厅中的听众带来了愉悦，在全世界也广受喜爱，现在已经有90 多个国家可以通过电视转播收看。维也纳新年音乐会创始于奥地利历史上最黑暗的时期， 它表达了爱乐乐团对古典音乐经典作品进行诠释的渴望， 同时，本着希望、友谊以及和平的精神， 乐团也希